What is human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)?
  • HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system making it weak and harder to fight off infections and possibly some cancers by attacking cells called CD4 that are important for fighting infections in the body

  • HIV can be passed onto other people by body fluids like blood, semen, breastmilk, vaginal fluids, rectal fluids 

  • The change of contracting HIV from a sexual assault is low, ranging from 0.1 to 3% depending on the type of injuries and type of assault

  • HIV cannot be spread through urine, stool, sweat, vomit as long as there is no blood in the fluids

  • HIV testing can be done by performing a blood test to see if the virus is circulating in your blood 

  • You will be re-tested for HIV on multiple follow up visits

What is human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention?
  • HIV prevention for you is customized by the healthcare provider initially treating you depending on the type of sexual assault that happened

  • You will be offered a medication that is taken by mouth that will stop the virus from duplicating in your body. The medication is usually taken for up to 9 months

  • The most common form of this medication is called Truvada

  • You will be offered a Truvada application for financial assistance to obtain the medication free of charge during your treatment

  • During follow up visits your doctor will assess how you are tolerating the medicine and determine continuing the medicine